BIM Services in USA, Canada
BIM Services in USA, Canada
BIM Services in USA, Canada

Author: Sukh Singh

Cobie and its Relation To BIM
3d laser scanning

COBie and its Relation to BIM

A BIM Manager in experienced BIM companies is responsible for managing and supervising the collation and coordination of COBie data. But what is COBie & its Relation to BIM and how it is associated with BIM (Building Information Modeling)?
COBie, a non-proprietary data format for the publication of a subset of building information models (BIM), focuses on delivery of precise asset data as distinct from geometric information.

What is COBie in BIM?


COBie is an international standard governing the exchange of information on managed assets, such as space and equipment. It is commonly abbreviated as Construction Operations Building Information Exchange. COBie is strongly related to approaches to design, development, and management of built assets based on Building Information Modeling. 

 Construction Operations Building Information Exchange is a contemporary data file format. It is meant to simplify the process of delivering information about a building to its operators and stakeholders. COBie BIM is often a data format based on international standards for exchanging critical data about building and structures. Construction documents, equipment lists, warranties, and maintenance plans are all included in this BIM COBie format. 

Journey of COBie

Way back in 2011, the Government of the United Kingdom published BIM Working Party Strategy, proclaiming that all the construction projects should be completed with 3D BIM collaboration by 2016. The software requirements along with the data contained in this report are entitled as COBie. 

Looking further at this strategy paper it reads:

5.5 Improved Information Handover
In order to improve the measurement and management of public assets, it is recommended that public clients request that specific information be delivered by the supply chain. The specified information set, called COBie, delivers consistent and structured asset information useful to the owner-operator for post-occupancy decision-making.

This was because construction delivery has been a bit of struggle as the information generated in the project is partially applicable to the operations team. Further, this entails a lot of new documentation that should be produced and collated for them, in the form of documents and paper drawings in binders. The bulk of the documentation work thus gets delayed until the end of the project which is usually the time when budgets have been spent with an impending deadline. Through the digitized world, the information gets moved from the archive room onto the file server, assisting the project team in easy access of the data. 

Understanding COBie 

The Construction Operations Building Information Exchange (COBie) is a non-proprietary format of data for publishing a subset of construction & BIM related information, with a focus on supplying asset data in non-geometric form. This may appear to be somewhat complicated, yet the concepts are easy to understand. It is a simplified format for transmitting asset data. It is usually a spreadsheet file with some constraints governing the structure and content of the data provided.  

The COBie spreadsheet has multiple tabs that provide information on assets, facilities, floors, spaces, systems, installed equipment, papers, and so on. Every entry in the worksheet is linked to an entry from another worksheet. It is meant to serve as a handy reference for information or data that would otherwise be lost in the enormous number of drawings and files generated on a project. Using the COBie specification, professionals may quickly update the relevant paperwork in real-time throughout the building construction phase before handing it over to the customer or facility operator. This makes the documentation process easier for the end user to grasp. 

How COBie streamlines data collaboration/information exchange for effective data management?

The COBie spreadsheet comprises data and information on the facilities, spaces, floors, systems, installed equipment, and relevant documents associated with a building project. It also contains a wealth of information regarding the project’s activities on a variety of different levels. All of the data entries inside a COBie sheet are hyperlinked to other data entries with the goal of adding value and making information more easily accessible.  

Since entries in a COBie spreadsheet or data are interrelated, the information exchange process is simpler and more productive for all parties involved in the process. End-users, such as facility managers, no longer have to sift through mountains of manual sheets or sift through a jumble of unstructured data in order to obtain information at various stages throughout the facility’s maintenance lifecycle. 

Fundamental Values of COBie:

COBie is considered to be a great stepping stone in the process of transferring construction information from paper to online. This is because the prime objective of COBie lies in substituting the home-based exchange templates & point at the solutions with an additional building information management.

COBie includes:

A COBie BIM model includes the following for effectively transferring the information:   

📝 Categorization – COBie uses a categorization system, albeit no specifics are given. The project owner decides on the categorization scheme. Using a categorization system aids users in finding information that aids project owners.   

📝 Data Model – COBie is aligned with the Smart Building data model, indicating industry best practices. The COBie IFC data model facilitates the integration of construction and design technologies.   

📝 Setup COBie offers customers a variety of distribution methods, including spreadsheet data transmission. The beauty of this format is that it allows you to participate in an open BIM project without knowing anything about the IFC data model or a specific BIM program. 


Structure of COBie Data Model:

Structure of COBie Data Model

COBie shares the structure of the building smart data model, featuring 3 main areas including DesignBuild Common. The design area constitutes the core of the information and comprises of the following information like:

  • Components – A vital part of an asset register
  • Kinds of Product Category
  • Spaces/Rooms
  • Zones/ Grouping of Space
  • Building Facilities
  • Equipment of Floors & Systems

The building information encompasses an occupation, resource & replacement and is an endeavor to assemble the non-standardized data found in the documents like maintenance strategies, operating guides and spare part lists. The shared things cover data to be linked to all items in the other categories, such as the contacts of the people involved in the project, documents about the delivered equipment, features including the method of tagging customized data to any item type and classification.

Are you looking for 3d Scanning with COBie parameters for your project? Drop us a mail, or Talk to us directly –  202-465-4830 

Advantages of implementing COBie in construction projects

  1. Improved Data Management

As part of the building project cycle, an enormous amount of data is generated and transferred between parties. The information contains BOQs, RFIs, different safety licenses, paperwork from the planning department, and so forth. The list goes on indefinitely after that. COBie is a data management system that allows you to organize and manage your data in a common format.  

As a result, the most important advantage of COBie data collaboration is that it facilitates data administration in a uniform way.  

2. Enhanced Data Sharing

COBie facilitates the efficient exchange of information across facility management tools such as BIM authoring tools, construction management systems, and CAFM (Computer-Aided Facility Management) packages. Using the standard, facility management organizations can reduce the need to re-collect data and, as a result, reduce the number of errors across relevant data sets utilized for various purposes inside the business.  

3. Compilation of Information

Before upgrading to a new building maintenance software, managers may collect data using COBie standards to help them plan their projects. It is not essential to get a proprietary vendor spreadsheet in order to facilitate data collecting. Furthermore, it is not essential to pay the CMMS provider to map the spreadsheet software that was built in-house. Instead, the data gathering in COBie is done in a format that is widely accepted in the industry.  

4. Transfer of Information  

In the present condition of the construction business, COBie has shown to be the most effective technique of transferring construction data from one site to another. It exports construction information from BIM authoring tools and imports it into a CMMS resolution that is COBie-enabled, as described above. 

COBie as a Requirement:

The COBie standards are created as a reference for construction, design and product delivery. However, a simple reference to the COBie standard is not enough. Few specifications need to be given. Further the objects essential for maintenance should be included.

Some of the COBie specifications include:

  • Classification system to be used
  • Custom properties for every building item
  • Process of tracking relations to BIM models
  • Type of delivery process – continuous, data drop for each phase, change or as a part of the handover
  • Collection and coordination process
  • Stakeholders to be involved in the coordination process – be it owner, main contractor, BIM manager, Architect, etc.

Why choose Tejjy for COBie BIM services?

Tejjy Inc., is a premier design build for and a construction management firm, located in the USA. We are a certified women minority business enterprise on GSA schedule, serving the AEC industry since last 15 years. Our team of experts strive to facilitate the construction professionals with the best in class Construction Operations Building Information Exchange services. In order to ease the delivery of BIM COBie Data Drops in line with customer requirements, Tejjy’s skilled team offers a comprehensive range of services to manage, validate and distribute COBie on your project, among other services.  

Our quality assured COBie services includes: – 

  • Integrating and implementing COBie parameters in BIM model. 
  • Effective project data management and data transfer. 


Other Relevant Articles –

3D Laser Scanning In Building Construction & Engineering

Future For 3D Laser Scanning Services In Construction

20 Scan To BIM Terms You Need To Know In 2022

Artificial Intelligence in Construction Project Management
Construction Management

Artificial Intelligence in Construction Project Management – Guide

Artificial Intelligence in Construction Project Management

Artificial Intelligence in Construction Industry

The Construction industry is adopting cutting-edge technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI) and that brought unique opportunities to execute construction jobs more efficiently. Research by Construction Business Owner says about the future of AI technology in construction industry “Artificial intelligence spending in the construction industry has been forecast to reach over $4.5 billion by 2026, and has the potential to increase the construction industry’s profits by 71% by 2035.”

From Design to bidding, and financing; procurement to construction; operations and asset management to business model transformation in construction industry, AI has the potential to assist AEC professionals throughout building lifecycle. In construction AI assists in overcoming some of its major difficulties, such as labor shortages, safety concerns, cost consumption and schedule overruns.

What is Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Construction?

When a machine duplicates human cognitive functions including problem-solving, pattern recognition, and learning, it is referred to as Artificial Intelligence (AI). Machine learning (ML) is just a subset of artificial intelligence. Machine learning incorporates statistical techniques into electronic devices like computer systems, to enable the capability of learning from data without having to be explicitly programmed. A machine is exposed to more data, so it improves its ability to interpret and provide insights.

For example, in construction technology, a machine learning algorithm may follow and analyze progress in a grading plan in order to discover scheduling hazards early. To establish a risk score and assess whether notifications are required, the program may ask questions regarding cut and fill volume measurements, weather trends, previous projects, machine uptime, and downtime, or any number of inputs.

AI and ML – Smart Construction Technology

AI and Machine Learning have a lot of potential in the Architectural, Engineering, Construction and Operation (AECO) industry. Making an entire list of all possible uses is not possible in a single article. For example, a few years ago, our mailboxes were filled with a lot of spam emails whereas in today’s scenario we probably receive relatively few. The reason behind it is that spam filters now rely on machine learning to detect trends and keep spam at bay, and they are really excellent at it.

While this is not a construction-specific application however the application solves the in-general issues and impacts everyone irrespective of their industry. The technology is allowing us to be more productive and focused on our work-related conversations rather than wasting time on deleting irreverent emails.

On any given day, a typical construction project may contain several change orders, hundreds of RFIs and thousands of open issues. Imagine having a smart assistant who can sift through this mound of project data and send you an alert about the top ten things that need your attention right now. Machine learning is that smart helper, assisting teams in identifying the most essential risk variables that require immediate attention from the perspective of construction safety and quality.

10 Application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the Construction Industry

Prevention of Project Over-budget by AI

Despite having the best project teams, most major projects go over budget. On projects, multiple AI powered software are used to anticipate cost overruns based on parameters such as project size, contract type, and project manager competence. Predictive models employ historical data such as projected start and finish dates to create realistic timetables for future projects. AI enables employees to gain remote access to real-world training materials, allowing them to quickly improve their skills and expertise. This cuts down the time it takes to onboard new professional to projects and results in faster project completion.

AI Improvised building design through generative BIM design

Building Information Modeling (BIM) is a process of generating data-rich 3D model that helps designers, architects, engineers, modelers, drafters, and construction professionals to plan, design, build, and manage buildings, facilities, infrastructure, maintenance, and operation more efficiently. The 3D models must be taken into account with respect to the architecture, engineering, mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) plans in order to plan and design the building project. The coordination and collaboration amongst multi-disciplinary project teams and models are essential to detect clashes and resolve them during the preconstruction stage. This results in efficient construction completion.

To avoid rework, the construction industry employs machine learning in the form of AI-powered generative design to discover and minimise incompatibilities between the multi-trade models generated by the multiple project teams. There is software that utilizes machine learning algorithms to investigate all possible solutions and generate design options. When a user indicates requirements into the model, the generative BIM design software develops 3D models that are optimised for the constraints, learning from each iteration until the optimal model is found.

AI for Improved Risk Management

Every construction project has some risk, which can take numerous forms, including quality, safety, timeliness, and cost. Because several subcontractors are working on different disciplines on job sites at the same time, hence the greater the project, the higher the risk. Today, general contractors employ AI and machine learning technologies to monitor and prioritise risk on the construction site, allowing the project team to spend their limited time and resources on the most critical risk variables. AI is used to assign priority to issues automatically. Construction managers can engage closely with high-risk teams to decrease risk by assigning a risk score to subcontractors.

AI for Strategic Project Planning

In 2017, one construction intelligence start-up announced that their robotics and artificial intelligence would be the solution of fixing late and overbudget building projects. Robots acquire 3D scans of construction sites autonomously, which are then fed into a deep neural network that classifies how far along different sub-projects are. If things begin to go wrong, the management team can intervene to address minor concerns before they become large problems. Future algorithms will employ an AI approach known as “reinforcement learning.” Algorithms can be learned through trial and error using this technique. It can evaluate an infinite number of combinations and alternatives depending on previous work. Because it optimizes the optimal path and corrects itself over time, it helps with project planning.

AI for More Productive Job-site

Some construction companies are offering self-driving AI-powered construction machinery to execute repetitive operations more efficiently than human counterparts, such as welding, bricklaying, demolition, and pouring concrete. Excavation and preparation work is done by semi-autonomous or autonomous bulldozers with the help of a human programmer to prepare a specified job site. This frees up human labor for the actual construction job and cuts the overall completion time of a project in half. Project managers can also monitor work on the job site in real-time. They monitor worker productivity and process compliance using facial recognition, Unmanned Aerial vehicles (UAV), Drones, onsite cameras, and other similar technology.

AI for Better Safety

As per a report by Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) “FALLS ARE THE LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH IN CONSTRUCTION. In 2018, there were 320 fatal falls to a lower level out of 1,008 construction fatalities (BLS data).” An algorithm developed by a Boston-based construction technology company analyzes photos from its job sites, identifies safety dangers such as construction staffs not wearing protective equipment, and compares the images to its accident data. According to the company, it may theoretically compute risk ratings for projects in order to hold safety briefings when an elevated threat is discovered.

AI Identifies Labor Shortages

Construction companies are investing in AI and data science due to labor constraints and a drive to improve the industry’s low productivity. Construction firms are beginning to adopt artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning for construction management resulting better arrangement of manpower distribution and equipment across jobs.

With the help of Artificial Intelligence and robots, project managers can instantly know which job sites have enough people and equipment to complete the project on time, and which are falling behind and might use additional personnel. Robot continually analyses job progress and the placement of workers and equipment. Spot the Dog, an AI-powered robot, can independently inspect a project every night to assess work progress, allowing contractor to complete more work in remote places where trained labour is scarce.

AI-Powered Off-site Construction

Off-site facilities staffed by automated systems are increasingly utilized by construction businesses to piece together building components, which are subsequently patched together on-site by human workers. For example, Walls can be built more effectively on an assembly line by autonomous machinery than by humans, leaving human workers to handle the specific work such as HVAC, Mechanical, electrical and systems once the building structure is put together.

AI Integrated with Big-data in Construction

AI systems are vulnerable to an infinite quantity of data to learn from and develop data on every day at a time when vast amounts of data are being created every day. Every building construction site becomes a possible data source for artificial intelligence. Data collected from building information modelling (BIM), drone captured data, mobile device photos, onsite security sensors, and other sources has accumulated into a pool of data. With the use of AI and machine learning systems, construction industry professionals and clients will be able to identify and get an overview from the data.

AI for Maintenance and Operation

Long after the work is finished, building managers can use AI. Advanced analytics and AI-powered algorithms generate useful insights into the operation and performance of a road, bridge, building, and nearly anything in the built environment by gathering information about a structure using drones, 3D Laser Scanners, sensors, and other wireless technologies. This implies Artificial Intelligence can be used to track the progression of issues, identify when preventative maintenance is required, and even identify human nature for maximum security and safety.

How Does AI Work?

Artificial intelligence uses the cognitive power of computers to simulate human intelligence. Artificial intelligence can be gained in two ways:

Machine learning – Machine learning (ML) is the study of computer algorithms that can learn and develop on their own with experience and data. Computers are capable of recognizing patterns and learning from examples. For instance, Machine learning keeps spam out of email inboxes. Examples of emails categorized as spam and non-spam have been fed into the algorithms.

Deep learning – Deep learning simulates the neurons in the brain, taking machine learning to the next level. As computers and algorithms process more data over a longer period of time, they learn and adapt their algorithms in the same way that humans do. Deep learning in construction is utilized to recognize project type, material requirements, scheduling, predict scenarios, and respond accordingly.

Advantages of Artificial Intelligence in Construction Management

Artificial intelligence is built on data. This data provides rich learning information for artificial intelligence applications because data is collected at various stages of the construction project across multiple distinct projects in the AEC industry. Artificial intelligence is beneficial at every stage of the construction process.

AI for Designing Stage

Designers utilizing AI-based computer applications can quickly generate complicated building designs. Designers can enter diverse design goals and criteria using tools like Autodesk’s Generative Design solutions. The solution makes use of artificial intelligence to produce alternatives for designers to choose from and edit as needed.

Artificial Intelligence for Cost Estimation

Estimators benefit greatly from generative design mixed with data on costs and schedules of similar projects. To create early cost and schedule estimations, machine learning systems evaluate data from similar projects. Combining BIM and AI estimators provide more accurate construction estimating services c in less time.

AI for Onsite Safety Management

For safety managers, AI-based systems that use visual processing algorithms are a significant risk monitoring and prevention tool. Photos and videos from the project are examined for potential safety issues, such as missing personnel who are not wearing the proper PPE. Many safety managers, like project managers, are responsible for several projects and are unable to physical present on-site at all times. The field team, on the other hand, is photographing the jobsite. AI-based safety monitoring solutions scan massive amounts of pictures and swiftly identify workers and incidents that violate safety protocols.

AI for Project Management in Preconstruction Stage

To monitor job site activity, project managers use autonomous devices such as drones, cameras and sensors. Data is used by AI-based tools like Doxel to calculate the Bill of quantity (BOM) installed by studying the project site in 3D. The learning algorithms compare the progress to the initial plans, schedule, and budget in real time. Project managers use real-time data to monitor worker productivity and make modifications as needed to keep the project on track.

AI for Construction Stage

The quality of work is measured using the same AI-based technologies that were used to measure the number of installed materials. The original design is compared to the 3D model collected through drones and UAVs to find any flaws or discrepancies. Foreman can receive fast information to act on corrections right away before the scope of rework expands.

Guidelines to Implement AI in Construction Management

For a building, construction artificial intelligence (AI) is a tremendously powerful technology. It is, however, easily accessible to anyone with a computer and Internet access. Because of this combination of power and accessibility, some people are calling for more strict ethical standards to be implemented.

The following rules present a set of seven basic conditions that AI systems must achieve in order to be considered trustworthy.

Human Engagement and Supervision: AI systems should empower people by allowing them to make informed decisions and promoting their basic rights. Ensure proper supervision mechanisms at the same time, which can be accomplished by continual human involvement, continuous human control and oversight.

Robust and Secure Technology: AI systems must be both resilient and secure. They must be cautious and have a back-up plan in case something goes wrong. They must also be dependable, repeatable, and precise. This is the only way to assure that harm, especially unintended injury, is minimized and avoided.

Privacy and data governance: In addition to ensuring complete respect for data protection and privacy, suitable data governance processes must be given, assuring legitimate access to data and considering integrity and quality of data.

Transparency: The data system as well as the AI business models should be available to project team members. Traceability methods can aid in this endeavour. Furthermore, AI systems and their conclusions should be conveyed in a way that is tailored to the specific stakeholder. Humans must be aware that they are engaging with an AI system, as well as its capabilities and limitations.

Diversity, Non-discrimination, and Fairness: Bias must be avoided since it can have a variety of harmful consequences, ranging from marginalizing vulnerable populations to intensifying prejudice and discrimination. In order to promote diversity, AI systems should be accessible to everyone, regardless of any disability, and collaborated with all key stakeholders throughout their life cycle.

Well-Being of Society and The Environment: AI systems should benefit all humans, including future generations. They should be environmentally friendly and long-lasting. Furthermore, they must consider the environment, including other living beings, as well as their social and societal implications.

Accountability: Establish methods to ensure that AI systems and their consequences are held responsible and accountable. Auditability, which allows for the evaluation of algorithms, data, and design processes, is crucial in critical applications. Furthermore, ensure that proper and accessible remedies is available.

The Future of AI in Construction

A survey by McKinsey says “Asset productivity increases of up to 20% are possible, and overall maintenance costs may be reduced by up to 10%” utilizing AI and advanced Internet of Things (IoT) sensors. Engineers can wear virtual reality (VR) goggles and dispatch mini-robots into under-construction buildings. These robots utilize cameras to monitor the progress of the work. In modern structures, artificial intelligence is being utilized to plan the routing of electrical and plumbing systems. AI is being used by businesses to construct workplace safety solutions. Artificial intelligence (AI) is being used to track the real-time interactions of construction professionals, machinery, and materials on the job site and warn supervisors about potential productivity concerns, construction errors, and safety hazards.

Despite projections of significant job losses, AI will not be able to completely replace the human workforce. Instead, it will change the business models of Architecture, Engineering, Construction and Operation (AECO) industry mitigating jobsite injuries, reducing costly errors, and increasing the efficiency of construction operations.

Construction professional should focus their investments on areas where AI may have the greatest influence on their business and project specific demands. Early adopters will shape the industry’s future and benefit in both the short and long term. Tejjy Inc. being one of early adopter of advanced technology like AI-powered Virtual Reality (VR), Augmented Reality (AR), Drone and 3D Laser Scanning technology, providing ISO-certified quality assured construction project management and BIM services to the Architecture Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry in the USA. With the presence in multiple locations in the USA including Maryland, Washington DC and Alaska our expert BIM professionals, Engineers, Architects and Drafters served over 2400+ happy clients.

3d laser scanning in construction
3d laser scanning, BIM Service

3D Laser Scanning in Building Construction & Engineering

3d laser scanning in construction

3D Laser Scanning in Construction

The use of technology is growing rapidly in any industry. According to the research conducted by Markets & Markets, the 3D scanning market after COVID is anticipated to reach USD 1324 million by 2026 from USD 924 million in 2021.

The Compound Annual Growth Rate is expected to rise at 7.5% from the year 2021 to 2026. The continuous growth of the scanning technology would give a boost the construction sector, facilitating the owners, buyers, stakeholders and all other construction professionals. Expected Growth of Global 3D Scanning Market from 2021 to 2026

What Is 3D Laser Scanning?

3D Laser scanning, also known as high-definition surveying or reality capture, is a technique that uses laser rays to collect incredibly fine & accurate data about a construction site. A laser beam measures various dimensions of the structure such as, the length, width, and height of the building components, as well as their connection to one another.

The process of scanning uses a specific technology for scanning the objects on a construction project. The technology is known as LiDAR – Light Detection And Ranging.

3D laser scanning has made its mark not only in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry, but also in various other sectors such as films & media, gaming & technology, medical, manufacturing, automobiles, and many more.

Despite the fact that the technology has taken a little longer to reach the construction field, it is gradually becoming a standard on construction sites all over the world.

The 3D laser scanner creates a point cloud image that accurately replicates the scanned items. Scanners can be used up to a distance of several meters away, depending on the make & model of the 3D scanner. Building Information Modeling (BIM) and Computer Aided Drawing (CAD) systems can then be used to create either 2D CAD drawings or 3D Revit BIM models from the data acquired.

The models and drawings created using the point cloud data assists the professionals of the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry to carry out the construction process effectively, accurately and in a more precise manner.

How do 3D Laser Scanners Work?

3D laser scanning is a technique that uses laser light for scanning the surrounding objects.

But the question is how does 3d scanning work? What is the procedure? Let’s learn about the step-wise procedure of 3D Laser Scanning.

3D laser scanning work process

✍️ Place the equipment at a certain point that is to be scanned.

✍️ Calibrate the camera with respect to the surface.

✍️ Start the scanning process.

✍️ Collection of data in the form of point cloud.

✍️ Transfer the raw data in the software.

✍️ Create a 3D BIM model / as-built model using the point cloud data.

BIM Engineers created an as-built model using a point cloud for the ‘1155 23rd Street Northwest‘ project based in Washington, DC.

Read more about our Case Study of a BIM As-Built Model from Point Cloud for DC Project.

Application of 3D Laser Scanning in Construction Projects

Construction Designing – reality capture is used to prepare complex designs of large-scale construction projects. These designs are in the form either Computer Aided Drawings or Revit BIM models.

Creating as-built Models and Drawings – as-built models and drawings are prepared using the scanned point cloud data. As-builts are generally used for repairs and maintenance purposes of a structure. They represent the actual condition of the structure.

Surveying – High-definition surveying is carried out using laser scanning technology. Various types of laser scanners such as ground scanner, mobile scanner and aerial scanners are used to capture the topography and other such features of the construction site area. High definition surveying is gradually taking over the traditional surveying techniques.

Volumetric Calculation of Construction Materials – Volumetric calculation of construction materials can be calculated using surveying through laser scanning technology.

Renovation and Retrofitting of Structures – Reality capture produces as-builts through the point cloud data. It represents the exact model of the built asset in its present condition. The as-built model of the structure is examined the structure is renovated accordingly.

Different Types of 3D Scanners

There are quite a few types of laser scanners available in the market that are ideal for construction projects. Depending on their operational platforms, they are divided into three major categories. Let us have a look at each one them below in brief.

Terrestrial Laser Scanner – commonly abbreviated as TLS, the terrestrial laser scanner is also known as ground LiDAR. It is usually mounted on a tripod while the scanning operation is commenced.

Terrestrial Laser Scanners have the highest accuracy among all the types of scanners available in the market. It is because the device remains stationary at a position while the scanning operation is going on.

Aerial Laser Scanner – Aerial Laser Scanner (ALS), also known as aerial LiDAR refers to a laser scanning device that is installed on an aircraft and used while the aircraft is flying. It is also known as mobile LiDAR as it can be easily transported from one location to another by means of a mobile ground-based platform such as a vehicle.

The accuracy of aerial scanners is relatively low due to its mobility. They are used for acquiring the point cloud data of the geographical features or topography.

Mobile Laser Scanner – As for Mobile Laser Scanner or MLS, because of the ease with which the movement path can be controlled, the laser scanning device is widely used in 3D city mapping applications as well as in autonomous vehicle sensing systems.

They are relatively smaller in size and lighter in weight so that it can be carried easily from one place to another.

Advantages and Disadvantages of 3D Laser Scanning Technology

There are numerous advantages to utilizing laser scanning on your next project, as listed below. Here’s a look at some of the most important reasons why laser scanning could be beneficial for your projects.

Advantages of 3D Laser Scanning

Construction teams can take planning and detail to a whole new level using laser scanning. This enables scans to be performed and accessed immediately, which improves productivity and reduces rework.

  1. Cost Effectiveness – the process requires lesser duration then the conventional surveying process eliminating the expense incurred by utilization of resources for longer duration.
  2. Saves Time – quicker than the traditional surveying, laser scanning can perform building scans within a couple of minutes.
  3. Accuracy and Precision – the modern day technique is way more accurate & precise as compared to traditional surveying. It is because laser scanning eliminates human errors.
  4. Detailed Documentation – The point cloud data obtained during the 3D scanning process is so detailed that it captures practically every feature of the object being scanned. The likelihood of any omission during the scan is much minimized, and the likelihood of any error is relatively low.
  5. Reduces Manual Labor – utilization of unwanted resources and labor is eliminated by 3D laser scanners which results in cost and time efficacy.
  6. On-site Safety – Construction sites are concerned about the safety of workers and other employees. Portable 3D laser scanners for surveying can take precise measurements from up to several hundred meters away. It helps the workers to keep away from hazardous surroundings and topography, ensuring their safety.

3D Laser Scanning Disadvantages

  1. High Initial Cost – the initial cost of the camera is very high. According to some sources laser scanners can cost anywhere ranging from $20,000 to $150,000.
  2. Lack of Knowledge of the Technology – the technology is still not known to some of the areas and the people there lack the knowledge of laser scanners and laser scanning.
  3. Lack of Trained Professionals in the Industry – due to lack of trained professionals, there is a lack of adoption of laser scanning technology. The professionals of construction industry must be trained through certified laser scanning courses.

It benefits the professionals personally and the Architectural, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry as well.

How Much Do 3D Laser Scanning Services Cost?

Laser scanning and Revit BIM modeling have become significantly more affordable as a result of recent advancements in scanning technology and scanning software development. Pricing is determined by a variety of factors. It’s understandable that an builder would be concerned about the expense of 3D scanning services if he is planning a big hospital renovation or if he wants to scan the facility for historic preservation purposes.

A variety of factors influence the cost of 3D laser scanning services, with professional laser scanning and modeling services ranging from $2,000 to more than $100,000. ​

The project cost varies depending on the size of the project. As an illustration: Small projects, such as a food restaurant or a gas station, may cost between $2,000 and $3,000 to complete. Medium-sized projects, such as an industrial complex, may cost between $3,000 and $10,000. Huge projects, such as a large manufacturing unit, an entire retail mall, or a hospital campus, may cost in excess of $10,000 to complete successfully.

What Does the Future Hold for 3D Laser Scanning?

The use of static 3D laser scanners and the expertise of skilled surveyors and scanning experts will always be a top priority requirement for construction projects in order to attain precise and high accuracy survey data. Nonetheless, the demand for quick 2D drawings and 3D models that are independent of the environment — whether outside, inside, or under artificial light — is driving the use of mobile scanning technology.

It will be necessary in the future for new hardware scanning devices to integrate with the digital world of BIM and cloud-based processing. A larger range of workflows, including scanners and other reality capture equipment, must be incorporated into order to improve the value of scan data to all parties involved in the process.

Construction professionals and surveyors must be aware of new technologies and cloud-based advancements since they will have a significant impact on cultural and operational changes in the field.

Would you like to have a discussion related to your construction project 3D modeling? We would be glad to discuss it with you! Our skilled BIM experts facilitate project coordination, risk mitigation, logistics planning, and cost optimization through 3D BIM Visualization, Animation Walkthrough, and 3D Modeling techniques.

Also Read –

3D Laser Scanning Vs Photogrammetry

Future for 3d Laser Scanning Services in Construction

lod - level of detail bim
BIM Engineering, BIM Service

Level of Detail & Development (LOD) in BIM Modeling Explained

What is Level Of Detail – LOD BIM?

Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a concept that refers to the process of producing and managing digital information about a built asset such as a building, bridge, highway, or tunnel. It gives a complete idea of the AEC project including the technical and non-technical aspects of the project. BIM has always played a vital role in the process of construction management and designing. 

A model of a structure when represented digitally, it represents certain level of detail of a project. The overall condition of project’s information model at a specific stage in its design process is referred to as BIM Level of Detail / BIM Level of Development. 

Revit BIM LOD comprises not just graphical elements, but also the data linked with them. The Revit BIM model should evolve over time, starting with a rough sketch and progressing to the record drawings and as-builts. 

As one of the leading design-build firms in USA, Tejjy delivers detailed coordinated building construction models in Autodesk Revit with required BIM LOD stages, equivalent to comprehensive Gantt charts that help you to monitor projected progress v/s actual progress of the project.

Backed by an in-house team of expert BIM engineers, we have successfully delivered precise Revit LOD BIM models to our clients with specified Level of Detail and Level of Development, ranging from BIM LOD 100 to LOD 500. Tejjy’s Revit BIM services have assisted clients to boost their projects in terms of cost and time with organized project schedule and overall management of the construction project. 

BIM Level Of Details – LOD 100, 200, 300, 350, 400, 500

The American Institute of Architects (AIA) have categorized Revit BIM LOD into six different categories in LOD specification – 2015. Given below are various Levels of Detail. 

LOD 100

The Model Element may be graphically represented in the Model with a symbol or other generic representation, but does not satisfy the requirements for LOD 200. Information related to the Model Element (i.e. cost per square foot, tonnage of HVAC, etc.) can be derived from other Model Elements. 

LOD 200

The Model Element is graphically represented within the Model as a generic system, object, or assembly with approximate quantities, size, shape, location, and orientation. Non-graphic information may also be attached to the Model Element.  

LOD 300

The Model Element is graphically represented within the Model as a specific system, object or assembly in terms of quantity, size, shape, location, and orientation. Non-graphic information may also be attached to the Model Element.  

LOD 350 

The Model Element is graphically represented within the Model as a specific system, object, or assembly in terms of quantity, size, shape, location, orientation, and interfaces with other building systems. Non-graphic information may also be attached to the Model Element.  

LOD 400

The Model Element is graphically represented within the Model as a specific system, object or assembly in terms of size, shape, location, quantity, and orientation with detailing, fabrication, assembly, and installation information. Non-graphic information may also be attached to the Model Element.  

LOD 500

The Model Element is a field verified representation in terms of size, shape, location, quantity, and orientation. Non-graphic information may also be attached to the Model Elements. 

BIM Level of Development specification defines different levels of BIM modeling. Construction professionals can design the models according to the requirements of the project or the requirements of the clients respectively. 

BIM Level of Detail – Standards

Let us understand various levels of LOD BIM standards with an example of light fixture, as mentioned in the BIM LOD specifications. 

Example: – 

Level of Detail / Level of Development  Specifications 
100  Cost/sf attached to floor slabs 
200  Light fixture, generic/approximate size/shape/location 
300  Design specified 2×4 troffer, specific size/shape/location 
350  Actual model, Lightolier DPA2G12LS232, specific size/shape/location 
400  As 350, plus special mounting details, as in a decorative soffit 

(Source – BIM LOD specification 2019 pdf)  

Importance of implementing BIM Level of Details in AEC projects 

As we live in a modern world where everything is digital and all key projects implement latest technologies such as BIM modeling, it might be difficult for designers to get other teams to comprehend the project requirements. Most of the time, dealing with a BIM model presents a unique issue because different people have varied definitions of what constitutes “complete.”  

BIM LOD establishes a common definition of what constitutes project completion, hence reducing the likelihood of inconsistencies related with project completion. Because of the use of LOD BIM, teams of construction professionals working in diverse disciplines may communicate with one another more effectively and with greater clarity and transperancy.

The employment of innovative techniques and technologies in LOD design improves the clarity of the final product, as a result.  


LOD establishes a consistent definition of project conclusion and removes the possibility of project complexities and disputes. By implementing LOD in Revit BIM models, teams from various disciplines can interact with each other resulting in more clarity and effective decisions. BIM LOD improves design clarity by utilizing latest techniques and technologies. 

Level of Detail or LOD BIM aids in communicating the clarity and dependability of Building Information Models at various stages of the construction project. In brief, it aids in defining the deliverables and milestones of a project. 

BIM LOD has permitted the segmentation of the entire BIM modelling & design process into several levels. It has aided in distribution of task and has made work easier for Engineers, Modelers, Architects, and construction professionals working on project. 

debunking the most common myths about bim
BIM Engineering, BIM Service

⭐10 Most Common Myths About BIM Debunked| Busted in 2022

debunking the most common myths about bim

Common Myths About BIM

Building Information Modelling is becoming an inseparable part of the daily lives of those who belongs to Architectural Engineering Construction and Operation (AECO) industry but remains shrouded in mystery to many stakeholders involved. 

Before elaborating the some common myths about BIM and truth let’s find out “What is BIM?” first. 

The entire process of creating and managing information for a built object is known as Building Information Modeling (BIM). BIM generates intelligent cloud-based model integrating multi-disciplinary structured data to build a digital visualization of an object throughout its lifecycle from conceptual and designing stage to construction and operations. 

The notion of BIM has been around since the 1970s, but it was only in the early 2000s that it became a widely accepted word. In the current scenario, BIM is being adopted by leading countries throughout the world.

The government is making use of BIM mandatory in construction projects since it has been beneficial in streamlining various construction processes and resulting in increased production.  

🏠 Debunking or Busted Myths About BIM

It is important for every company that belongs to the AEC industry to be aware of these common myths about BIM implementation. It is reasonable to have some hesitations about any change in the workplace specifically while implementing something new.

BIM offers end numbers of benefits that far exceed its drawbacks. BIM facilitates a very useful procedure that benefits all of the project stakeholders. It enables all AEC professionals to collaborate by providing a comprehensive view of the entire project. 

🏠 Most Common Myths About BIM Technology Busted

Despite the advantages, a few common myths have made people cautious to implement and execute BIM in their projects.

Myth 1. BIM Is Just a Type of Software

Truth – One of the biggest misconceptions about BIM is it’s just a software. Whereas BIM is not at all a software package it’s a mindset, a process flow.

For BIM implementation you need to consider people, methodology and technology to re-design traditional work process to utilise the full benefit of digital collaborative construction process. 

Myth 2. BIM Is Limited to 3D Modeling

Truth – BIM is not just generating 3 dimensional visual representation of physical and functional elements of a building. It’s far more than that. 3D Modeling is just one of the functionalities of BIM that allows users to visualize the appearance of the building design.

BIM not only produces data-rich 3D models but enables collaborative work processes involving AEC professionals in a building project. The process enables the production of graphical and non-graphical digital datasets. 

Myth 3. BIM Implementation – It’s Complicated

TruthLikewise, in other advanced technologies there exist a misconception “BIM implementation is a too complex process” but it’s actually not. There is a requirement for proper training and knowledge which can be gained through online courses, online tutorial videos and other free available resources. 

There are multiple BIM Companies in USA like Tejjy Inc. that provide extensive training and short training along with monthly BIM to break down the understanding issues. Mostly these trainings are fully optimized with the government regulations and industry standards.

Before BIM implementation, we do research on the project specification and industry-standard then plan accordingly. Hence, BIM implementation is not complex but needed learning and research.  

Myth 4. BIM (Building Information Modeling) Is Expensive

Truth – Most people are apprehensive about deploying BIM because they believe it will be costly. When we adopt any kind of change in working processes, there will surely be an early expense as adopting every new technology takes, but this will be offset by long-term efficiency and rewards.

The efficiency of BIM is dependent on accurate data representation and the ability to make data-driven decisions. It is important to recognize that process efficiency reduces overall risk and saves a significant amount of money. 

Myth 5. BIM Is More Suitable for Big and Complicated Project 

Truth – BIM is commonly used in large projects only because it allows better project management as compared to traditional construction methods – This is not completely true. Big projects are obviously more complicated and time-consuming but the issue of every construction project tends to be the same.

BIM improves design cost calculation efficiency and saves time while estimating and analyzing project costs. BIM is beneficial to everyone, irrespective of the size of the project. Whether it’s a public or private project, the team of Tejjy Inc. utilizes the benefits of BIM to execute it efficiently. 

Myth 6. BIM Is Beneficial Only to Designers and Constructors

Truth – Many people assume that BIM is only valuable during the design and construction phases, however this is not the case. BIM benefits all project stakeholders involved into the project lifecycle. 

The process is efficiently taking care of everything at every stage of the construction process. Hence helping Designers, Constructors, Facility Managers, Estimators, Modelers and other project stakeholders to have complete overview of the project progression and execution collaboratively. It is also helpful for renovations, retrofits, destruction and refurbishment. 

Myth 7. BIM Implementation Require a New Team

Truth – Many people assume that BIM deployment requires a new set of skills and a new team. This is not absolutely the case. BIM implementation training can be provided to the existing team.

People are hesitant because they have developed myths about BIM technology in their mind that BIM has numerous benefits but is difficult to execute, which is not the case. BIM Service Provider Companies that have successfully incorporated BIM, trained their existing engineers, team members and project managers to incorporate BIM into their current workflow.

Moreover, BIM aids the project’s workflow by streamlining it but tendency to accept changes in the workplace makes the process difficult. BIM is simple to adopt, and it has resulted in greater project efficiency. 

Myth 8. BIM is Just a Trend 

Truth – In the construction business, BIM is gaining popularity, globally since the 2000s. BIM has been adopted by many of the top countries worldwide and is now mandatory for all public projects. The global construction industry has recognized the value of BIM and how it is helping in design coordination, work collaboratively, waste elimination, and saving cost consumption.

The notion that BIM is merely a passing fad is a myth. BIM has made a big change in the workflow and proper utilization of technology in the AEC industry as mankind has improved its standards to the digital world. Companies gaining more work efficiency and competitive edge adopting BIM. Hence it is not just a fad but it is a natural evolution of the Architectural, Engineering and Construction industry 

Myth 9. BIM is More Time Consuming 

Truth – Undoubtedly, any procedure that entails new ways of working will take time to scope, implement, and integrate. Careful and effective planning helps in reducing the impact of picking the proper pilot project and ensuring adequate time and resources to get up to speed. 

This helps in building momentum. Longer run, you begin to reap the rewards sooner rather than later, with gains outweighing the initial expenditure. In comparison to more traditional methods of project planning and resourcing, a BIM approach often frontloads the generation of project-related information and assets, which might take some time to get used to.

With a variety of training and accessible tools even the busiest firm manages to get up to speed.  

Myth 10. BIM Impacts Productivity 

Truth – People who have misconception about BIM consumes more time assumes that BIM has a negative impact on construction productivity. We can’t expect any drastic changes in the process to produce immediate outcomes.

BIM, on the other hand, pays off in the long run when given the proper amount of time, planning and investment resources. It not only pays off the investment, but it also streamlines several procedures, resulting in increased efficiency. 

🏠 What is not BIM? 

As BIM becomes more important and relevant in the marketplace, activities that may be termed as BIM wash begin to appear. Some BIM-enhanced products are already available on the market.

This is why it’s critical to address a few points that can aid in determining “what is not BIM”. 

3D models which is only the 3D graphical visualization of an object or, a building is “not BIM” but data-rich intelligent 3D models are considered as BIM 

Solutions that emulate 3-dimensional models by using multiple 2D reference drawings or documents do not allow automatic quantity extraction, updates, or even simulations and analysis, hence it can’t be considered as BIM 

3D Models that are developed not using parametric and smart object are considered as “Not BIM”. 

Solutions that are incapable of generating automatic updates like Automatic Clash detection, Report generation, etc. 

3D tools and process that are not managing integrated database are “Not BIM”. 

🏠 Why Do People Not Use BIM? 

Despite the fact that BIM is a widely established technology in the building construction sector, many small businesses are hesitant to adopt it. They believe it is only relevant for large construction companies, high-end architects, government projects, or environmental organizations.

The biggest issue that this advanced technology faces is a lack of proper understanding and misconceptions about it. According to a survey done by the National Building Specification (NBS), the construction industry faces five major challenges when implementing BIM technologies. 

BIM demand from client-side is very less 

No or, minimal requirement of BIM in typical projects 

Less advantage for companies who are working on only small project 

BIM implementation charges more for small companies in AEC industry 

Lack of knowledge on BIM 

🏠 What Are the Disadvantages of BIM? 

BIM, or building information modelling, is a useful tool for conceptualizing, planning, and designing structures of any scale and complexity. Though there are a bunch of advantages we can utilize with BIM, there exists few disadvantages of BIM too in the AEC industry. 

Modelling Software packages required to implement BIM 

Additional investment required for training old staffs or, to hire new BIM professional  

Requirement of initial document upload for further project execution 

Incompatibility with other project stakeholders, who are not aware about the BIM process 

Lack of usability knowledge of BIM for Facility management after the handover stage 

🏠 What Are the 4 Stages of BIM? 

BIM (Building Information Modeling) is a collaborative system that facilitates industry experts in the design, model, delivery, and maintenance of assets over their entire existence. BIM is a system for defining the characteristics of a building facility that allows stakeholders to share information from conceptual stage to demolition. 

Different levels of participation are guaranteed by the gradual and recognizable milestones, which are characterized as different levels. These levels, which range from 0 to 3 and beyond, are as explained below: 

BIM Level 0: Level 0 is the simplest and traditional process which actually means No Collaboration. 2D CAD drafting is only utilized to execute a project and generates Production Information either in electronic form or, on paper. 

BIM Level 1: Both 3D CAD and 2D drawing are used in Level 1 BIM. While 3D CAD is utilized for conceptual designs, 2D CAD is used to create statutory approval papers and Production Information.

At this level, data is shared electronically through a common data environment (CDE) managed by contractors. Everyone develops and controls their own data hence, there exists minimal collaboration among the stakeholders at this level. 

BIM Level 2: Level 2 BIM is used extensively for public-sector projects. This level encourages collaboration by providing each stakeholder with their own 3D CAD model. This level is distinguished by collaborative functioning, and it necessitates efficient project-related information submission as well as smooth coordination across all stakeholders. 

All project members work on their own local 3D CAD models, and data is shared using a standard file format. Organizations can use such a technology to construct a federated BIM model by combining external data with their own model.  

BIM Level 3: The scope of Level 3 has not yet fully defined, but it offers broader collaboration between all stakeholders through a work-shared model in a digital common date environment (CDE). It is also known as ‘Open BIM.’

The Level 3 idea allows all participants to work on the same model at the same time, eliminating the possibility of contradictory information. Level 3 suggests using an integrated system based on open standards like as IFC, with all project data stored on a single server. 

🏠 What Makes Us an Expert BIM Modeling Service Provider in USA?

Tejjy Inc. being Women-owned Certified Disadvantage/Minority Business Enterprise listed on GSA schedule company providing BIM services to MEP engineering firms, 3D Scanning and Modeling Companies, Product Modeling Companies, Architectural firms and building owners. 

Adopting the capabilities of BIM software such as Autodesk Revit, Navisworks, AutoCAD Plant 3D, 3Ds MAX, etc. we provide services to the entire Architectural Engineering Construction and Operation (AECO) industry for the last 15 years now. 

From 3D model and parametric families, we facilitate MEP Clash Detection, BIM Coordination (architectural, structural, MEPFP/HVAC), Scan to BIM Modeling, Virtual Design and Construction (VDC) and so on. 

We are an ISO Certified (9001-2015) company and successfully delivered quality assured more than 2500 projects in Washington DC, Texas, Maryland, Virginia, Newyork, Baltimore, and across USA. The industry verticals we have served are commercial, residential, mixed-use, medical facilities, infrastructure, and industrial etc. Consult us now to implement BIM in your upcoming projects. 

what are mep plans - mep cad drafting services
Construction Project Management Services, Coordination Drawings, Mechanical Shop Drawings

MEP Plans in Construction of Building and Industrial Projects

what are mep plans - mep cad drafting services

MEP Plans in Construction

MEP – A brief introduction

You’ve probably seen mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) plans if you’ve been in the building automation industry for any period of time. These Plans are the blueprints that describe how a building should be constructed. The MEP plans contain a lot of information that will be useful to you as a controls professional.

MEP is the abbreviation of Mechanical Electrical And Plumbing. MEP is necessary for various constructional coordination. MEP includes electrical design and drafting, mechanical designing and drafting, plumbing designing and drafting. The various software’s used for drawing is AutoCAD and Revit MEP. 

In our previous post, we discussed topics like benefits of MEP shop drawings that you should know. Standardizing your building process with MEP shop drawings ensures that the products meet industry standards.

People also ask questions like –

What is MEP in construction?

What is a MEP drawing?

What is included in MEP drawings?

What is the role of MEP in construction?

MEP (Mechanical,  Electrical, and Plumbing) plans are a common part of the building automation sector. If you have delved into the domain of building automation for quite some time, you should be aware of the fact that mechanical and electrical plans are the fundamental details of your construction process.

As communication is a vital part of living, similarly MEP plans are essential for creating the building structure. The MEP shop drawings serve as a blueprint for carving out the details of how a building should be constructed. MEP engineers take a lot of information from the MEP plans. Mechanical and electrical plans illustrate how the HVAC and electrical systems of the buildings are laid out, considering the main purpose of Building Automation System (BAS) control. Utilizing the MEP Shop Drawings Services for construction projects turns out be beneficial for the structures.

What Is the Purpose of MEP Shop Drawings?

MEP engineers work with 3D shop drawings for the coordination of MEP services. MEP coordinated shop drawings comprise of HVAC, electrical, plumbing, piping, as well as other duct-work layout drawings. Top MEP BIM modeling companies in the USA provide HVAC shop drawings services along with electrical and plumbing drawings for AEC professionals.

The 3D BIM model helps to produce accurate shop drawing work at home or in the office. Irrespective of the location, BIM modeling services facilitate MEP engineers to get improved fabrication, installation of MEP components, scheduling of trades, and various other actions about construction. MEP Drawings created from the MEP model ensure that the building contractors get the right information for accurate structural installation.

Coordinated drawings enable data extraction and manipulation of various services and enhance the accuracy of the building design development process.

The MEP drawings improve the quality and productivity of construction through off-site fabrication and improved plans.

Potential clashes amongst the various services get identified before fabrication and installation on the construction site.

As a result, the building project can be viewed as a whole instead of a separate drawing.

MEP drawings provide construction cost-saving (Approximately 30%) along with the improvement in the building delivery schedules to over 40%.

Different Types of HVAC Drawings

what does mep mean in construction

Using mechanical electrical plans produced through BIM,  construction professionals deliver HVAC drawings through schedules, floor plans, details, and HVAC duct shop drawings.

Types of HVAC drawings that we offer are – 

Mechanical Schedules

Mechanical schedules are a treasure to the construction professionals working with Building Automation Systems. Through HVAC schedules, engineers get to know about the size of the box, the CFM (Cubic Feet Per Minute) measurement of airflow volume, the expected rise of the air temperature as well as the drop of the water temperature.

A good mechanical schedule helps you understand the performance of the installed parts, how the systems are designed and whether they aren’t operating properly or not.

3D Floor Plans

3D floor plans of a building constitute to be self-explanatory layouts of a floor. MEP floor plans focus on the supply, exhaust, and sensor locations along with isolation dampers for effective shut-off and isolation of tiers in a hazardous containment exhaust system. A competent floor plan produced from the BIM model helps you to stay ahead of the curve.

Detail Drawings

A detailed building drawing helps you to pay attention to the mechanical details of a building. To take an instance, the drawings show how the manufacturers provide the dampers and are controlled by the building contractors.

Construction project stakeholders get to know about various details like What would happen if the embedded controls get disconnected ? Should you connect controls in parallel to the manufacturers?

Duct Shop Drawings

HVAC shop drawings with all technical information are produced with the help of various BIM software applications such as Revit, AutoCAD, etc. The mechanical drawing also acts as efficient construction documentation for finding out any flaws at a later stage.

In case an HVAC duct pipe is found to be very small after construction site delivery, the MEP designers could use the drawings for detecting the exact cause of the defect.

Having the construction documentation facilitates the designers to resolve the problems and determine the steps for correcting the errors. Further, the MEP documentation is often organized for seeking approvals from qualified engineers while submitting plans to building authorities. HVAC Shop drawings also help to define the exact cost of the materials and the measurement of the materials during the production process.

Our HVAC Duct Shop Drawings include –

  • HVAC Duct Layout
  • Material Specifications of the Ducts
  • Duct & Pipe Sizes
  • HVAC Coordination Details
  • Details of Air Handling Units
  • Duct Levels & Sections

The Role of MEP in Building Construction Explained

Coordinated MEP shop drawings are a great support to various design-build projects in several areas. These drawings include –

Electrical technical drawings

Underground & above-ceiling coordination

Composite drawings

Coordinated shop drawings

Sheet metal detailing’s

Pipe fabrication

HVAC & Ductwork drawings

Plumbing drawings

Mechanical piping detailing

Mechanical & HVAC detailed drawings

Equipment placement

So, this is just an overview of MEP drawings and how these drawings are competently supporting the construction workflow.

Want to know more about – “What is MEP drawing?” Get the right guidance for your construction project from Tejjy Inc. – one of the best BIM service providers in the USA and start working on HVAC shop drawings. Send a mail to, call at 202-465-4830, or fill the inquiry form to get the best quotation.

Benefits of MEP Shop Drawings
Mechanical Shop Drawings

MEP Shop Drawings Advantages or Benefits to Know in 2021

What are the Benefits of MEP Shop Drawings

Advantages of MEP Shop Drawings

MEP (mechanical, electrical and plumbing) components constitute the stepping stone to successful construction and MEP shop drawings facilitate in designing building components accurately. Here, we would discuss the Importance of Shop drawings in construction.

MEP shop drawings are a combination of architectural, structural and civil shop drawings that are drafted to facilitate a construction project. They make the fabrication, manufacturing, installation, assembly, and maintenance of a building’s mechanical, electrical, and sanitation components easier.

Irrespective of whether it’s a commercial, residential or infrastructural project, MEP components are significant in every construction project. In other words, building MEP drawings form the backbone of construction.

Without the right mechanical shop drawings, buildings won’t get proper heating and ventilation, air conditioning, and stable escalators.

MEP Services Market in 2021

As per industry study in 2021, the MEP market is anticipated to grow at a Compound Growth Rate of 16% between 2020 – 2024. In North America, it is projected to stand at about 37.39 billion USD.

The industry segments benefiting most from MEP BIM coordination drawings include governmental, residential and commercial and mixed-use.  BIM MEP service drawings are constantly benefiting consultants and contractors throughout the design-build stage.

What Are the MEP/HVAC Shop Drawings?

Importance of MEP Shop Drawings

MEP shop drawings are created in a Building Information Model, by integrating architectural, structural, mechanical, electrical, plumbing and civil shop drawings of a project. These drawing support fabrication, installation, assembly as well as maintenance of electrical components within a building.

BIM modelers create MEP shop drawings for adding solidarity to architectural construction documentation. Building contractors and BIM engineers refer to these drawing sets for obtaining accurate specifications and detecting design errors, before the beginning of the construction process, thus saving time, money, as well as labor costs.

Each building with an exclusive MEP drawing set is derived through a careful evaluation of the building design documents.

The Role of MEP in Building Construction Explained

A MEP engineer helps ensure that the performance and cost of a construction or renovation project are maximized. MEP firms analyze and evaluate individual building systems within the context of the entire project.

Mechanical Shop Drawing

Mechanical shop drawings determine HVAC (Heating, Ventilation& Air Conditioning) systems and their locations.

The HVAC shop drawings also form a part of the mechanical shop drawings, representing specifications for installing and fabricating ducts, customized piping, and other air-handling units. These drawings represent transportation systems like lifts, escalators, infrastructural as well as industrial components.

Electrical Shop Drawings

The electrical systems within a building encompasses power supply, distribution, access, control and security systems, information and communication as well as interior and exterior lighting. Sometimes, there is an overlapping of electrical and mechanical components.

Through comprehensive electrical shop drawings, building contractors evaluate accurate electrical layouts for smooth installation.

Plumbing Shop Drawings

Comprehensive plumbing shop drawings represent plumbing elements inside a building, such as piping, drainage system, garbage disposals, etc. These specify fluid as well as an air transport for heating & cooling, potable & non-potable water supply, fuel gas piping, as well as waste removal.

High-quality BIM MEP drawings ensure consistency within the component dimensions and retain the ability to address potential flaws.

Benefits of Shop Drawings in Construction

Importance and Benefits of Shop Drawings

Accurate Building Design Representation & Assembly

Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing shop drawings have created the outline of final product assembly, with dimensions, accessories, cable and piping connections. Owing to this, comprehensive engineering assembly drawings are created from the BIM model,  enabling the fabricators as well as the building contractors to obtain a clear picture of what is to be constructed.

Further, if the project wants to use the same component several times, then the same MEP shop drawing is referred for instructions on manufacturing.

Built in Documentation for Quick Reference

 If HVAC pipelines get damaged, building contractors can instantly refer to their mechanical drawings and specify the exact location for starting repairing work. Hence, it’s clear that BIM shop drawings are able to resolve problems, arising during construction workflow.

Licensing authorities also use MEP shop drawing to make an effective plan and grant permits and licenses for a new construction project. Even in cases where a delivered component is damaged or gets missing, a contractor reverts to the original drawing set and place an order for a substitute.

Accurate Cost Estimation

AEC clients want to get an accurate cost estimation, so that the project costs do not exceed the estimated budget. A drastic increase in the cost is often feared by construction professionals. Hence, it’s crucial to keep a separate tab on costs in the manufacturing business – especially for the MEP components. 5D BIM helps to determine the cost of the building components, types of material, as well as subsequent assembly and installation.

This prevents waste and overstocking. In case, your MEP building design is not accurate, you could place orders with BIM Modeling and avoid wasting time, during manufacturing, reassembling, and re-installation.

Product Standardization

 MEP shop drawings help to standardize your building process, ensuring that the products match industry standards. This enhances your chance of seeking licenses and building permits. If you’re not sure about the standards to be followed, you could ask BIM engineers for designing MEP drawings, conforming to the AEC industry standards.

Ease Accessibility and Training

Modern BIM technology has provided a lot of freedom to its users, enabling smooth collaboration amongst project stakeholders. Cloud collaboration through MEP shop drawings helps to share your MEP sets with all AEC project stakeholders in your organization.

Such a setup facilitates practical training for students and other people, who want to be a part of the AEC industry.

Brand Building and Promotion

An accurate BIM shop drawing speaks for itself, enhancing brand value. If you add the logo of your organization to your documents, you can add value to your business. So, it’s evident that good drawings lead to great construction, and great construction leads to your brand building!

Why Choose Our Shop Drawing Services?

Architects and fabricators are able to communicate more clearly when using it. A seamless fabrication process is ensured by providing the dimensions and materials of the building. It also provides details about the standards for safety, quality, and service. Customized drawings for every client are the cornerstone of our business. Engaging in active discussions with them enables us to establish a clear picture of their requirements and to develop a systematic plan and set clear deadlines for deliverables.

So, what do you think? Do you want to get shop drawings for MEP services?  Appoint a reliable shop drawing service provider in USA like Tejjy Inc & bring a versatile experience to your next project.

Revit Families Creation
Revit BIM Modeling Services

What is Revit Family Creation?

Revit Families Creation

Revit constitutes to be an effective Architectural Design and Documentation software of Autodesk. Opting for Revit Libraries Services not only allows the creation of basic parametric families such as furniture and equipment. But also, the graphical quality of 3D BIM models can be improved.  Now, let’s delve deep into the details of What is Revit Family Creation?

What are Revit Families?

Before jumping onto Revit we need to understand What are Families? The fact of the matter is Family are just the components required to build your model. These can be walls, windows, doors etc. These components vary in physical dimensions as per the requirement of buildings. So, when you create a family in Revit as per the required specifications it is called customized Revit families. But Who is Revit? Revit is software created by Autodesk. Revit software comes with predefined families also. Leaving you with an option to either build from scratch or adapt from existing.

These days, BIM service providers in USA are working with parametric family creation in Revit. It comes with an underline warning. The fact of the matter, If components of Revit MEP family creation are not designed in a proper way, they reduce the speed of your PC performance, project presentation, and project output. Parametric family creation in Revit facilitates in obtaining the right balance between practicality and functionality and delivers a rAnd now a range of Revit components.

BIM consultants create a new family in Revit and ensure that your Revit components are created intelligently with the pragmatism to serve the drive. Parametric Revit content creation encompasses real-life product information or performance mockups, required for performing calculation analysis and construction simulations. To create Revit MEP family creation, the software embraces large objects to be modified in various ways. Parametric Revit electrical families help to control objects through formulas and assess client products proficiently before modeling.

Also Read – What Are the Benefits of Using Revit MEP?

How Revit Family Library Benefit the AEC Industry?

Revit content creation empowers all Architecture, Engineering, and Construction industries.   including architects, designers, engineers, builders, contractors, facility managers, and owners. All these construction professionals accurately communicate design objectives, investigate building performance and undertake cost estimation at the pre-construction stage. Owing to parametric family creation in Revit, architects could easily capture, assess designs and maintain coordinated building data throughout the construction project lifecycle.

To create a new family in Revit,  building components are engineered with reusable objects and amassed with related parameters and graphical representations. The families enable clients to seek for customized or manufacturer-specific content pertaining to Revit MEP family creation, door family creation in Revit and Revit electrical families.

Since Revit content creation constitutes to be the building block of the BIM Model,  stakeholders within the BIM lifecycle getting benefited from the software. The smart 3D representation of the virtual world integrates geometry and other technical product specifications to empower our project team members.

  • Architects and Engineers:

To create a new family Revit for architectural services, architects are delivering the best performance through making a virtual representation of building products through BIM. Starting from the stage of conceptual design development to construction documentation, architectural design firms know about individual building product specifications such as the color, cost, MEP details, and other information. Engineers using BIM Revit Model examine and interrogate within Revit and third-party software.

  • Builders and Contractors:

Builders and contractors evaluate 3D Revit BIM Model and construction documentation and organize individual building products. Since parametric family creation in Revit BIM model comprises all significant information, information about the technical specification, product manufacturer, and product installation could be straightaway extracted from it.

  • Facility Managers and Owners:

Revit content creation also endows the facility managers and owners by providing a virtual representation of the building. The owners and facility managers integrate 3D BIM Revit Model into an existing facility management software to get reduced operational, management, and space planning.

What are the Revit Family Components?


Revit Family 101 - Elements in a Revit family Explained by Tejjy Inc.

BIM is not only about creating a 3D building structure. The BIM model is only a cage without Revit. Inserting Revit Family components provides a fresh lease of life to the cage. To create new family Revit, several things are taken into consideration like the door family creation in Revit, windows, stairs, railings, cabinets, drawers, clocks, desk, etc. Accurate placement of Revit Family components creates a great impact on construction.

Some of the instances of BIM Revit Families Creation:

📌Architectural Revit Families Creation Components

Doors, windows, furniture, railings, casework

📌 Mechanical Revit Family Creation Components

HVAC, pipes, valves, strainers, duct hangers, air terminals

📌 HVAC Revit Family Creation Components

Fan coil units, fire dampers, diffusers, grilles, registers

📌Structural Revit Family Creation Components

Columns with steel sections, beams, foundations, structural connections, base plates, gusset plates & stiffeners

📌Plumbing Revit Families Creation Components

Pumps, Valves, Fixtures – washbasins, water closets, urinals, devices & fittings

📌 Firefighting Revit Families Creation Components

Sprinklers, valves, fittings, fire extinguishers, cabinets

How BIM Revit Families Supports Architectural Building Design?

Building Information Modeling aids higher sustainability and energy efficiency for architectural building design. Across the world, people are greatly influenced by sustainable green building designs. Revit architectural family creation facilitates architectural projects to effectively make housing plans, retail showrooms, commercial building complexes, offices, and many more. Proficient BIM Revit content creation team provides architectural family creation services working with various inputs like Auto CAD, scanned images, sketches, photos, and electronic files for making the architectural designs real and appealing.

Revit family supported architectural BIM services include quantity takeoffs, 3d modeling, clash coordination, and scan to BIM services. These services will facilitate architects to coordinate with team members in an improved way with enhanced efficiency. Using architectural Revit BIM services, architects are able to capture the complex market of the construction industry.

Read More about our Revit Family Creation & Scan to BIM, we would be happy to assist you!

How BIM Revit Families Creation Facilitates MEP Engineers?

Revit MEP family creation is one of the key facets for MEP engineers. MEP BIM service providers in the USA create a new family in Revit to produce MEP design drawings from BIM 3D models with HVAC, plumbing, fire safety, and electrical details. As an effective information management platform, BIM reflects construction design changes in real-time. This mitigates clashes and keeps engineering teams on the same page. Using Revit MEP BIM services, designers, contractors, and MEP consultants produce the coordinated model, and design document with all elements of mechanical, electrical, HVAC, and fire protection systems. Further, 4D construction scheduling and 5D cost estimation are obtained through BIM Revit MEP families.

⭐ Revit BIM Model for Structural Engineers

Revit BIM supports structural engineers by providing specifications about the materials and resources. Structural Revit content creation allows accurate material and cost estimation with proper building geometry and geographic information. This will help you deliver a realistic building visualization with accurate building design specifications. For engineers, a clear standpoint on building lifespan can be calculated. Structural engineers with Revit family creation are able to easily visualize a building before the commencement of the building process.

To know more about Revit family’s creation or create new family Revit, consult the BIM consultants of Tejjy Inc. at 202-465-4830 or For improved speed and reduced modeling, time contact Tejjy BIM engineer. Being an experienced BIM service provider in the USA we facilitate clients to reduce manual work, maximizing productivity.

revit family Creation services | AUTODESK REVIT 2022

Collaborative Revit BIM Services Gaining Popularity with Autodesk Revit 2022

Revit BIM Services | Autodesk collaboration for revit 2021

The new version of the Autodesk Revit 2022 software is intended to enhance collaboration with Revit BIM services. To get all the advantages of Autodesk Revit 2022.


Autodesk Revit 2022 is expected to release in April 2022. Autodesk announced that the educational license would be available from March 2021, for Information Technology administrators and educators. The new version of the software is intended to enhance collaboration with Revit BIM services. It is anticipated that engineers working using Revit 2022 would provide improved open workflow solutions. Revit 2022 would enhance interoperability, increase efficiency and accuracy in the construction documentation procedure, considering various facets of architectural, structural, and MEP modeling. Further, Revit 2022 would emphasize the method of collaboration amongst the construction professionals working with Revit BIM services.

Let’s take a look at the highlights of Autodesk Revit 2022 that would facilitate BIM companies in USA and across the world:

Enhanced interoperability for Revit BIM Services:

  • BIM firms that are providing Revit Family Creation services could easily work with Rhino and FormIt Pro by using Revit 2022. Thus, top BIM companies could make a round-trip workflow. 
  • BIM service providers in USA, building information modeling services in California, BIM companies in California and other BIM companies across the globe could import models directly into Revit through a linking feature.
  • BIM services USA could also incorporate Rhino modeling update into the current Revit 2022 work model. All updates of Revit modeling services could be made accessible to the project team members. 
  • Revit BIM services in USA could transfer Revit 2022 models to FormIt and tweak them by using interoperable 3D Sketch. This would help to connect Revit 2022 to everyday tools.

Read more on Revit 2020.1

Improved design and communication with Revit BIM Services:

  • Autodesk Revit 2022 would upgrade the presentation of construction schedules, tags and annotations for executing precise authoring. 
  • BIM service providers could make efficient construction documentation of all the labels and specifications in drawings with Revit modeling. 

New tagging features of Revit 2022:

  • Text layers naming different parts of building drawings could also be oriented or rotated to fit the various drawing angles for uniform readability. 
  • Using 3D grids, Revit 2022 enables the display of structural grids in 3D models. 
  • Companies providing Revit BIM services allow the grid plane options for identifying structural building locations. 
  • Another new tagging feature is Group labeling. BIM modeling companies could easily make group annotations for identical elements present in the drawings. 
  • Whether the BIM companies are working on mechanical shop drawings, Revit steel shop drawings, or other building drawings, BIM modelers could make precise communication text with supportive multiple stakeholders. 
  • Multiple dimensioning is another advantage when multiple elements can be chosen and multiple dimensional standards can be exhibited side-by-side.
  • Companies offering Revit BIM services to the AEC professionals can undertake improved route analysis and comprehend physical circulation patterns. 
  • Path of Travel and Path Flow toolkit empower various options such as Multiple Paths, Spatial Grid, One Way Indicator, People Content, etc. Altogether, they facilitate visualizing the configurations of navigation.

Get more information on Revit BIM Services for Project Wastage Elimination 

Better construction documentation

  • Revit 2022 also encompasses new features of drawing parameters to make clear categorization of drawings and structural building properties.

Phased parameter of Revit BIM services in view filters

  • In the case of older parameters, phased properties are available to all elements. However, in Revit 2022, experts providing Revit BIM services could specify the property to be applied to elements.
  • To take an instance, if BIM engineers want to apply green to an existing staircase, it could be enlisted as a distinct parameter. 
  • The older version is limited within ‘Existing’, ‘New’, ‘Demolished’ and ‘Temporary’ building phases. Nevertheless, the new phase could be filtered as per construction documentation. If the companies providing Revit BIM services have to track changes over the years, it could be executed in 2022.
  • The new split schedule across sheets would let you split the schedules as per various categories. The option of ‘Split and Place’ enables Revit BIM Services to slice a part of the sheet and then place it to the different parts of the sheets.  
  • The new sliced parts could also be amended for increasing as well as decreasing the number of rows and columns.
  • Schedules could be customized as per the material requirements or the space requirements in design. Applying them as filters display only the required parts like for instance bathroom accessories.
  • Revit 2021 allows the display of loadable families such as walls, roofs, etc. Autodesk 2022 Revit would display various customized family types as well as the loadable ones like the staircase, railings, etc.

Flexible revision numbering in Revit BIM Services

  • Using Revit 2022, revision numbers, as well as alphabets, could be used independently. 
  • Alpha-numeric numbering options help BIM engineers to make custom-make new sequences in Revit 2022. 
  • This helps AEC projects to have a different set of drawings, for interiors and exteriors.

PDF Exporting Feature in Autodesk Revit 2022

  • Experts in Revit BIM services can export documentation output into PDF formats with the desired number of files, properties, and viewports in the drawing space. 
  • Apart from the methods of tagging and labeling, the new feature enhances documentation efficiency in Revit MEP coordination.

Click to read more on – Winning more work with Revit BIM Services

Improved modeling with Revit BIM Services

  • Using Tapered and angular walls of Autodesk Revit 2022, BIM consultants working with Revit BIM Services could successfully design and modify dimensional parameters, as per the essential shape for making amendments to the form instantly. 
  • The geometry of the tapered walls could be shaped according to the associated components on the walls, like the windows.
  • Improved re-bar modeling is another new facet of Autodesk Revit 2022.  BIM engineers working with Revit BIM Services could now smoothly design and place Rebar elements into the structural BIM model, in columns, beams and slabs. 
  • Revit BIM Services professionals could successfully model the reinforcement with accurate re-bar diameters. This enables engineers in avoiding Rebar clashes. 
  • The structural representation of Revit BIM services in LOD 100, LOD 200, LOD 300, LOD 400 and LOD 500 becomes faster and accurate.
  • Autodesk Revit 2022 facilitates reporting on the loads from the different building systems (like ceiling, HVAC,  etc.) and helps to decide on the various sizes of the system elements.

So, the new version of Autodesk Revit 2022 is expected to make a smooth construction workflow, facilitating all Architectural, Engineering and Construction professionals for flawless collaboration. To get all the advantages of Revit 2022, choose one of the best BIM automation firms providing Revit BIM Services in USA. Consult the BIM modeling company Tejjy Inc. at 202-465-4830 or and make the perfect planning of your construction space with 3D BIM.

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Washington dc architecture firms

How Do Washington DC Architecture Firms Help Industry Sectors?

Washington dc architecture firms

Top Washington DC architecture firms are working with the best residential architect in DC and other engineering firms to integrate digital drawings with architectural engineering services in USA for innovative building designs. Best residential architecture firms in DC are adopting BIM Revit families to modernize the work process of Architectural, Engineering and Construction professionals. Residential architecture firm in Maryland, DC residential architects and many other residential construction companies in DC take the help of the design build experts, estimators and BIM modelers for analyzing design drawings. Some of the competent Washington DC architecture firms use 3d BIM model for clash resolution. They plan, design and monitor construction with early clash coordination at the pre-construction stage. Residential architects in Washington DC use the latest BIM building design build techniques for real-time tracking, cloud database management, accurate execution and remodeling projects in a complex environment.

Let’s take a quick look at how do Washington DC architecture firms facilitate various Industry sectors? 

  • Government Facilities Supported by Washington DC Architecture Firms

Top architecture companies in the US and Washington DC architecture firms facilitate government facilities such as schools, colleges, healthcare, public transportation, warehouse, etc. Best architecture design firms and top architecture companies in USA provide collaborative support to the government infrastructure through architectural 3d modeling, visualization, as-built modeling, design development and coordination.

Some of the services provided by the best architecture companies include:

  • Architectural & Engineering Services 
  • Building design & development for construction & renovation
  • Building analysis & evaluation of existing conditions
  • Building drawing creation for measurement
  • Code estimation according to zoning ordinance & land use plans
  • Evaluating energy efficiency & feasibility study with cost estimation
  • Space planning with 3d floor plans and site planning with landscape, lighting, sideways, etc.
  • Administration assistance with general contractors & project managers
  • Public agency coordination and management

To know more about government facilities, contact best architecture companies in USA

Washington DC Architecture Firms and several other best architectural services in USA facilitate in creating the designs of multifamily apartments, mixed-used buildings, restaurants, retails, offices, hotels, residential apartments, commercial space, etc. The modern generation wants a flexible solution and hence the Washington DC architecture firms work with BIM services for creating mixed-use buildings and retail centers. Many other architecture firms in Maryland and Washington architecture firms work with Revit BIM modeling to provide design-build solutions for shopping malls and retail centers. Best architecture company in USA considers various aspects like flexibility, complexity, shafts, etc. for carving out the right solution for facilities operations and facilities management. 

A quick look at the considerations by Washington DC architecture firms:

Washington DC architecture firms, residential architects Maryland and many other architecture firms Baltimore MD consider various aspects while creating a building design:

  • Flexibility – Architectural designers look after flexibility to meet the demand set of the construction. They design buildings, as per the demands of residential and commercial areas. They match the HVAC requirements of residential and commercial space, providing clarifications and facilitate changes in the construction, integrating architectural BIM technology.
  • Complexity –  Understanding the complexities of a mixed-use project, architectural BIM engineers prepare construction documents of complex mixed-use designs. 3D BIM model created by Washington DC architecture firm help to provide accurate shop drawings for the sake of real construction.
  • Shafts: Sometimes the design layouts for mixed-use and retail centers vary to a great extent between the floors. As a result, it becomes difficult to make the plan of the shafts and ducts. Washington DC architecture firms using BIM design-build solution make the right planning by crafting the building entrance as well as the access to commercial spaces.

Get more information on architectural engineering services for the mixed-use retail center

  • Restaurants Crafting Design Solutions with Washington DC architecture firm

The growth of restaurants has compelled restaurant design firms to seek architectural BIM Modeling. Implementing BIM parametric modeling tools for design creation, several Washington DC architecture firms are creating impressive designs for food outlets, dining rooms, fast-food centre, etc. A good restaurant design is created by balancing an ambience and seating capacity. Proficient BIM integrated restaurant interior design services maximize client profit and make guests feel comfortable.

A few steps followed by Washington DC architecture firms include:

  • Interior Designing – Interior building designs of new construction and renovations are created through 3D BIM modeling of restaurants. Several designs are evaluated by Washington DC architecture firms for the creation of new restaurant design, determining the design concept, lights, décor, texture, space, etc.
  • 3D Floor Planning – Detailed 3d floor plans created through BIM modeling help to visualize the building space realistically, facilitating effective planning in less time.
  • 3D Visualization – Implementing BIM 3D visualization and rendering, top Washington DC architecture firms provide restaurant building presentations in a safe method, detecting errors during the pre-construction stage.

Read more about restaurant design services provided by Washington DC architecture firms. 

In this way, Washington DC architecture firms facilitate various Industry sectors like government facilities, mixed-use and retail and restaurants. To know more about the work process of Washington DC architecture firm, contact Tejjy Inc. at 202-465-4830 or

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